There were plenty of black women in the background and at the forefront of movements throughout history. Ella Baker is among women who made a mark as an advocate of group-based activism, rather than a central-focused one.
She was involved with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the NAACP. After black college students organized a sit-in at a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina in 1960, she facilitated a meeting that would eventually become the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
SNCC was a part of the famous Freedom Rides to fight segregation on interstate bus travel and organized black voter registration in the South.